This article is about the examination in India. For a worldwide view, see Civil service entrance examination.
The Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a nationwide competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to various Civil Services of the Government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS) among others. It is conducted in two phases - a preliminary examination consisting of two objective-type papers (General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II also popularly known as Civil Service Aptitute Test or CSAT), and a main examination consisting of nine papers of conventional (essay) type, followed by a personality test (interview).
The Civil Services Examination is based on the British Raj - era Imperial Civil Service tests, as well as the civil service tests conducted by old Indian empires such as in the Mauryan Empire and Mughal Empire. The Civil Services Examination is considered to be one of the most difficult and competitive examinations in India. On average, 900,000 to 1,000,000 candidates apply every year and the number of candidates appearing to sit the preliminary examination is approximately 450,000. The examination consists of the following three stages:
- Stage I: Preliminary examination - A qualifying test advertised in Feb-March and held in June-July each year. Results are published in mid-August.
- Stage II: Main examination - Held in October every year.
- Stage III: Personality Test (interview) - held in March each year. Final results are usually announced in May .
The training program for the selected candidates usually commences the following September.
Eligibility for the examination is as follows:
- For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, the candidate must be a citizen of India.
- For other services, the candidate must be one of the following:
- A citizen of India
- A citizen of Nepal or a subject of Bhutan
- A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India
All candidates must have as a minimum one of the following educational qualifications:
- A degree from a Central, State or a Deemed university
- A degree received through correspondence or distance education
- A degree from an open university
- A qualification recognized by the Government of India as being equivalent to one of the above
The following candidates are also eligible, but must submit proof of their eligibility from a competent authority at their institute/university at the time of the main examination, failing which they will not be allowed to attend the exam.
- Candidates who have appeared in an examination, the passing of which would render them educationally qualified enough to satisfy one of the above points
- Candidates who have passed the final exam of the MBBS degree but have not yet completed an internship.
- Candidates who have passed the final exam of ICAI, ICSI and ICWAI.
- A degree from a private university.
- A degree from any foreign university recognized by the Association of Indian Universities.
The candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years (for the General category candidate) on August 1 of the year of examination. Prescribed age limits vary with respect to caste reservations.
Number of attempts
The number of times a candidate may attempt the exam is limited as follows:
- General category candidates = 6.
- OBC category candidates = 9.
- SC/ST candidates = unlimited attempts till 37 years of age.
Appearing to attempt one of the papers in the preliminary examination is counted as an attempt, including disqualification/ cancellation of candidature. However, applying to sit the exam but failing to attend is not counted as an attempt.
Vacancies and Selection
Generally the number of vacancies varies every year. The number of candidates that pass the preliminary examination is generally 11 or 12 times the number of vacancies, and the number of candidates selected for the final interview is twice the number of vacancies. As per existing policies, reservation for SC/ST/OBC is applied to each level of the selection process.
In 2006, around 400,000 candidates applied for fewer than 500 vacancies. Of those candidates, 7,500 passed the preliminary exam. In 2010, 547,698 candidates appeared for the preliminary exam.
List of Services
Following are the services which one gets on qualifying the Civil Service Examination.
All India Services (Group A)
Central Services (Group A)
Group B Services
The pattern of the Preliminary examination up to 2010 was based on the recommendations of the Kothari Commission (1979). It included two examinations, one on general studies worth 150 marks, and the second on one of 23 optional subjects worth 300 marks. Until 2011, when it was revamped, the preliminary pattern was sustained with only minor changes once every ten to fifteen years.
From 2011 onwards, the preliminary examination, now popularly known as the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) (officially it is still called General Studies Paper-1 and Paper-2), intends to focus on analytical abilities and understanding rather than the ability to memorize. The new pattern includes two papers of two hours duration and 200 marks each. Both papers have multiple choice objective type questions only. They are as under:
- Paper I tests the candidate's knowledge on current events, history of India and Indian national movement, Indian and world geography, Indian polity panchayti Raj system and governance, economic and social development, environmental ecology, biodiversity, climate change and general science ,Art and culture.
- Paper II tests the candidates' skills in comprehension, interpersonal skills, communication, logical reasoning, analytical ability, decision making, problem solving, basic numeracy, data interpretation, English language comprehension skills and mental ability.
In August 2014, the Centre announced that English marks in CSAT-II will not be included for gradation or merit and 2011 candidates may get a second chance to appear for the test next year.
In May 2015, the Government of India announced that Paper II of the preliminary examination will be qualifying in nature i.e. it wouldn't be graded for eligibility in Mains Examination & a candidate needs to secure at least 33% marks in order to be eligible for graded on basis of marks of Paper I of Preliminary Examination.
The Civil Services Mains Examination consists of a written examination and an interview.
The written examination consists of nine papers, two qualifying and seven ranking in nature. The range of questions may vary from just one mark to sixty marks, twenty words to 600 words answers. Candidates who pass qualifying papers are ranked according to marks and a selected number of candidates are called for interview or a personality test at the Commission's discretion
According to the new marks allocations in Civil Service Examination 2013 there are some changes made in the examination according to the suggestion of the Prof. Arun. S. Nigavekar Committee. However, after some controversy, the qualifying papers for Indian languages and English were restored to the examination.
|Paper A||(One of the Indian languages listed below, to be selected by the candidate (from the languages listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India) (Qualifying)||300|
|Paper B||English (Qualifying)||300|
|Paper II||General Studies I (Indian heritage and culture, history and geography of the world and society)||250|
|Paper III||General Studies II (Governance, constitution, polity, social justice and international relations)||250|
|Paper IV||General Studies III (Technology, economic development, bio-diversity, environment, security and disaster management)||250|
|Paper V||General Studies IV(ethics, integrity and aptitude)||250|
|Papers VI, VII||Two papers on subjects to be selected by the candidate from the list of optional subjects below (250 marks for each paper)||500|
|Sub Total (Written Test)||1750|
|Personality Test (Interview)||275|
List of Languages
The examination is offered in the following languages, with the name of the script in braces:
The subjects available for Papers VI and VII are: Public administration is one of the most sought after optional subjects in Mains examination as it has overlapping content with other subjects like Current Affairs, History, Polity. The standards of Optional papers is of Post Graduate level. Paper I is theoretical but Paper II is often dominated by Current Affairs and Application based questions.
- Animal Husbandary and Veterinary Science
- Civil Engineering
- Commerce and Accountancy
- Electrical Engineering
- Literature of any one of the non-English languages listed above
- Mechanical Engineering
- Medical Science
- Political Science and International Relations
- Public Administration
Officially called the "Personality Test", the objective of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a board of competent and unbiased observers. The test is intended to evaluate the mental calibre of a candidate. In broad terms, this is really an assessment of not only a candidate's intellectual qualities, but also social traits and interest in current affairs. Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, and intellectual and moral integrity.
The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination, but of a natural, though directed and purposive conversation that is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate.
The interview is not intended to be a test either of the specialised or general knowledge of the candidate, which has been already tested through written papers. Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study, but also in the events which are happening around them both within and outside their own state or country as well as in modern currents of thought and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of all well-educated youth.
Eligibility Criteria of UPSC Exam.
Many of our readers and UPSC aspirants want to know that how to become IAS/IPS/IRS/IFS Or What Eligibility Criteria of UPSC Exam?
Here we are writing complete information in the simplest way to explain our aspirants which will contain all the Eligibility Criteria to join UPSC or give Entrance Exam of UPSC.
This post will cover
- Pattern of Examination
- Age Limit
- Education Qualification
- Number of Attempts
- How and where to apply for UPSC Entrance Examination.
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The Civil Services Examination will be held in two stages.
- Civil Services Preliminary Examination which will be of objective type.
- Civil Services Main Examination, which will be in the form of written and Interview (only for applicants who will qualify Civil Services Preliminary Examination) are invited for Civil Services Main Examinations.
About Nationality Criteria of IAS/IPS
- The applicant should be the citizen of India.
About Age Limit Criteria of IAS/IPS
- The applicant should complete 20 years and enter at the age 21 years and he should not be more than 32 years of his/her age.
- If an applicant is SC/ST he/she will get more 5 years in short 32+5 =37 years of his/her age.
- If an applicant is OBC then he/she will get 3 years in short 32+3=35 years of his/her age.
- If the applicant is domiciled in J &K between year 1st Jan 1980 to 31st Dec 1989 he/she will also get more 5 years in short 32+5=37 years of his/her age.
- The decision of Date of birth or age will be declared whatever will be written on the applicant’s Mark sheet of 10th, 12th, and Graduation.
Educational Qualification Criteria of IAS/IPS
- The applicant must have completed his/her graduation in any stream from recognized State or central university approved by UGC.
Number of Attempts Criteria of IAS/IPS
- There are 6 attempts for all applicants who are not in the reserved category.
- There is no limit (No restriction ) for applicants who belongs to SC/ST category in short from age 21 to 37 they are allowed to give attempts.
- There are 9 attempts for all applicants who belong to OBC category.
Applicant can apply online using the website http://www.upsconline.nic.in
The full notification and advertisement chart is given for free to all applicants .
Click here to download it for Free.
Detail Eligibility of UPSC Exam
Everyone Knows That IAS Is Most Reputed Job In India. It’s Not Easy UPSC to Prepare for It. Candidates Need to Work Really Hard. Every Year Lakhs Of Candidates Apply For It But Only a Few Gets Selected. UPSC Conducts The Exam For Selecting Candidates. Candidates Who Get Passed Are Appointed as IAS Officers. The Competition For The Selection Is Very High And To Qualify It Requires Smart And Hard Work. In This Article, You Will Get To Know About All The Information Related To IAS 2018 Exam. Hope This Might Help You Get The Enough Information Regarding Exam.
Candidates Have To Meet Some of the Eligibility Criteria for Getting Selected For IAS Exam
IAS Exam Eligibility Criteria:
Candidate Must Be A Citizen Of India.
- Education Qualification:
- Candidate Must Have Obtain A Degree In Any Discipline From A Recognized University Or Institution.
- Applicants Appearing For Their Final Year Degree Exam Are Also Eligible To Apply For IAS
- Candidates Who Have Passed Final Year Of MBBS Exam But Are Yet To Complete Internship Can Apply For The Prelim Exam.
- Age Limit:
- Minimum Age Is 21 Years and Candidates Will Be Not Allowed, If They Exceed Age Of 32
- Age Relaxation of 3 Years for OBC Candidates and 5 Years for SC/ST Candidates.
How to Apply for IAS 2018 Exam:
- Candidate Can Apply For IAS in Two Ways I.E Either Online or Offline.
- If Candidate Is Interested in Applying Offline Then He Need to Download the Application Form from UPSC Official Website upsconline.nic.in
- IAS Application Form Consists Of Two Stages
- A) Registration Part-I B) Registration Part-II
- After The Submission Of Personal Details Candidate Will Be Asked To Print The SBI Bank receipt
- The Printed Pay Slip Needs To Be Used For Payment Of Application Fee.
- In Offline Mode Of Application, The Filled Application Form Is To Be Sent To The Mentioned Address Before The Last Date For Form Submission.
IAS 2018 Exam Selection Process:
Candidates Are Selected By Following Process-
- Prelims Written
- Mains Written
No. Of Attempts for Candidates for IAS 2018 Exam:
- 6 Attempts For General Category
- 9 Attempts For Obc
- And No Limit For Sc/St Candidates
- General Studies
- CSAT (Civil Service Aptitude Test)
- Public Administration
IAS Exam Preliminary Exam:
Basic Info about the Preliminary Exam:
- Marks Of Preliminary Exam Are Not Counted For Final Marks.
- Candidates Should Attempt Two Papers (Paper 1 & Paper 2) Which Are Compulsory.
- Both The Papers Are Of 200 Marks.
- The Questions Will Be Of Multiple Choice.
- The Questions Will Be Objective Type.
- It Is Necessary For Candidate To Score Minimum 33% In Paper 2 If Fails To Score Minimum Marks Then The Candidate Won’t Be Able To Attempt For Its Main
- Both The Paper Will Be Of Two Hours Duration.
- There Is Negative Marking In The Prelims And 1/3rd Of Marks Allotted For Every Question Is Reduced From Your Score If You Get It Wrong.
IAS 2018 Exam Syllabus
Syllabus of Paper I:
- Current Events of National and International Importance.
- History of India and Indian National Movement.
- Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India And The World.
- Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, Etc.
- Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, Etc.
- General Issues On Environmental Ecology, Bio-Diversity And Climate Change – That Do Not Require Subject Specialization
Syllabus for Paper II:
- Interpersonal Skills Including Communication Skills;
- Logical Reasoning And Analytical Ability
- Decision-Making And Problem solving
- General Mental Ability
- Basic Numeracy (Numbers and Their Relations, Orders of Magnitude, Etc.) (Class X Level), Data Interpretation (Charts, Graphs, Tables, Data Sufficiency Etc. – Class X Level)
IAS Exam Main Exam:
Basic Info about the Main Exam:
- Your Main Exam Will Consist Of 9 Papers.
- You Will Have Two Qualifying Papers Of 300 Marks Each.
- Marks Of Qualifying Paper Will Not Be Considered Or Counted.
- Rest Other 7 Subjects Will Be Of 250 Marks Each.
Paper l. One of the Indian Language to Be Selected By Candidate
- Essay(Choices Will Be Given To Candidates And Are Expected To Write Important Points Close To Topic)
- General Studies 1 (Indian Heritage/Culture, World History & Geography)
- General Studies 2(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice And Internation Relations)
- General Studies3(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-Diversity, Environment, Security & Disaster Management)
- General Studies 4(Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude)
- Optional 1 (Of Your Choice)
- Optional 2 (Of Your Choice) Candidate Is Allowed To Take Up Literature As An Optional Subject “Without The Conditionality Of Having To Do His/Her Graduation In That Language’s Literature.
Candidates May Choose Any ONE Optional Subject From Amongst The List Of Subjects Given Below.
- Animal Husbandry And Veterinary Science
- Civil Engineering
- Commerce And Accountancy
- Electrical Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Medical Science
- Political Science And International Relations
- Public Administration
- Literature Of Any One Of The Following Languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu And English
It Will Be Of 275 Marks this Is Vocal One And Candidates Have Option To Choose Desired Medium Of Communication. Candidate Can Give Interview in the Language Which They May like.UPSC Will Make Arrangement for the Translators.
Eligibility for IAS Officer
It is very important for the Candidates to fulfill all the eligibility conditions for admission to the examination. Excuses on any grounds other than the grounds mentioned will not be granted. The admission of the candidates applying for the Civil Services Examination in all the stages of the examination will be provisional which will be subject to satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions. Only on the basis of issue of admission certificate, the candidate should not imply to them that his/her candidacy has been clearly approved by the commission. Commission takes up verification of eligibility conditions with reference to original documents only after the candidate has qualified for Interview/ Personality Test.
New Eligibility Criteria:
With effect from 2015 the government intends to raise the upper age limit and number of attempts of applicants of the UPSC Civil Service Examination.
From the published information on the website of the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances, we come to know that the upper age limitation will be 37 years for the person belonging to SC/ST candidates with unlimited number of attempts; for OBCs with 9 attempts the maximum age limitation is 35 years 0f age; for General category with 6 attempts it is 32years of his age, for physically handicapped candidates the age limit is 42, 45 and 47 years for General, OBC, and SC/ST category respectively and the total number of attempts of General and OBC`s is 9 and for SC/ST it is unlimited, in this particular case.
Academic Qualifications required for IAS Exam:
- The aspiring candidates must hold in minimum a degree of any University which is incorporated by an Act of the Central / State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section -3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification.
Candidates who have appeared or intend to appear for the qualifying examination and are awaiting results are also eligible to appear for the preliminary Examination.
- All such candidates who have cleared the preliminary examination and is qualified to appear for the Civil Services Main Examination must give proof of having passed the said examination along with their application for the Mains Examination.
The UPSC may in very exceptional cases treat a candidate without the foregoing requisites of qualification as an eligible candidate if he / she has passed an examination conducted by other institutions, the standard of which justifies his/her admission in the opinion of the commission.
candidates who have professional and technical qualifications recognized by the Government as equivalent to professional and technical degrees.
- Candidates who have completed the final year of MBBS or any Medical Examination but are yet to complete the internship can also appear for the Mains Examination.It is only permissible if they submit along with their Main Examination application a certificate from the concerned authority of the University or Institution that they have passed the final professional medical examination. At the stage of an interview, it is compulsory for them and all other aspirants to produce a certificate from a competent authority that they have completed with internship all the requirements for the award of medical Degree.
Restrictions on applying for the examination:
A candidate who has already been appointed as Indian Administrative Service or the Indian Foreign Services on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to compete at this examination. In case such a candidate is appointed to the IAS/IFS after the preliminary Examination of Civil Services Examination, 2015 is over and he/she continues to be an existing member of that service then he /she shall not be eligible to appear for the Civil Services Mains Examination, 2015 ;their qualification in the preliminary Examination, 2015 shall not be taken into consideration.
Also if such a candidate is appointed to IAS/IFS after the commencement of the Civil Services Main Examination, 2015 but before the result thereof and continues to be a member of that service then in that circumstances he/she shall not be considered for the appointment to any service/post on the basis of the result of this examination.
For applying for the post of IAS and IPS candidate must be a citizen of India.
For all other services candidates of the following nationality will also be allowed to appear:-
a citizen of India, or
a subject of Nepal, or
a subject of Bhutan, or
a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January 1962 with the intention of permanently residing in the territory of India, or
a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
It is very important for a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favor a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the government of India.
Candidates belonging to categories of (b), (c) and (d) as mentioned above will not be eligible for the appointment to the Indian Foreign Service.
The offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certification has been issued to him/ her by the Government of India.
UPSC under any clause will not relax upper age limit.
Candidates belonging to the SC & ST and the OBC’S who are also covered under any other clauses of para 3 (ii) (b) above viz. those coming under the category of Ex- servicemen, persons domiciled in the State of J & k , blind, deaf – mute and orthopedically handicapped etc. will be eligible for grant of cumulative age-relaxation under both the categories.
The term ex – Servicemen will apply to the persons who are defined as ex-servicemen in the Ex-servicemen ( Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979, as amended from time to time.
The Ex-Servicemen and Commissioned Officers including ECOs/SSCOs who are released on own request shall not be admissible under the age concession under para 3(ii) (b) (v) and (vi).
A physically disabled candidate shall be considered to be eligible for appointment only if he/ she is found to satisfy the requirements of physical and medical standards for the concerned Services/ posts to be allocated to the physically disabled candidates by the Government.Under such conditions provisions of age relaxation under para 3 (ii), (b) (vii) shall not be withstanding.
Some more important things to remember about IAS Exam are:
- Civil Services Examination and most popularly termed ( IAS Exam) is one of the most trending competitive exam organized by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) of India. The UPSC exam is organized every year for granting various Civil Service Officers including Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS), and Indian Revenue Service (IRS).
- The exam is organized every year in two stages, i.e. Civil Services Preliminary and Mains Exams.
- The Preliminary exam consists of multiple choice question type of paper which is going to check a candidate’s General Studies and Aptitude.
- Civil Services Mains examination is a subjective paper that test a candidate on basically nine papers and an interview.
- The whole process for UPSC / IAS exam from the news of the Preliminary examination test dates to the announcement of the UPSC results takes almost a year.
- Civil Services Exam is organized in three major levels also called the Phases of IAS or IAS Exam.
Phase I: Civil Services examination – Preliminaryis organized every year in the month of August, whose results are normally declared in mid-October.
Phase II: Civil Services Mains examination is organized every year in the month of December for those who has passed the Civil Services Preliminary exam. The result for the Civil Services Mains examination is generally declared in the month of March.
Phase III: Civil Services Personality Test (Interview) is the last stage normally organized in the month of May every year. Notifications for the forms are normally notified by April.
After the final results are announced, selected aspirants are sent for further training programs.
Being one of the most important posts for the country, the UPSC board keeps an eye on the needs for the candidature for the post and accordingly make changes in the selection process and here is the new eligibility criteria that the board has introduced for the reason we were discussing above:
- The government has changed the upper age limit and the number of attempts of applicants for an aspirant of the UPSC Civil Service Examination with from 2015.
- According to information published on the website of the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances, the upper age limit will be 37 years for SC/ST aspirants with a fortunate choice of infinite attempts; 35 years for OBC with 9 attempts; and 32 years for the general category aspirants with 6 attempts.
- For physically handicapped aspirants, the age limit tends to 42, 45 and 47 years for General, OBC, and SC/ST category respectively while the number of chances to pass is 9 for General and OBC and infinite for SC/SC category.
Table of IAS Exam Age Limit
|Category||Maximum Age Limit||Number of Attempts|
|General Category||32 Years||6|
|OBC Category||35 Years||9|
|SC/ST Category||37 Years||Till you complete your age Limit|
(Orthopedic, Deaf-mute, Blind)
|42 Years||General -9, OBC-9, SC/ST – Complete age Limit|
|Jammu and Kashmir domicile||General- 37, OBC- 42|
SC/ST- 42, PH- 50
|Ex-serviceman with five years duty*||General- 37, OBC- 40|
|Disabled Serviceman Discharged From Duty||General- 35, OBC- 38|
Eligibility in terms of academics for IAS Exam
- There is a should for the candidates to hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by the Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions introduced by the Act of Parliament or announced to be known as a University Under Section–3 of theUniversity Grants Commission Act, 1956, like DU, MGSU ,MU etc or tends to an equivalent qualification.
- Aspirants who are going to appear for the passing examination and are waiting for results for the same can also make an attempt for the Preliminary Examination. All such candidates who will pass to sit in the Civil Services Main Examination should save the documents of proof of having cleared the mentioned examination along with their application for the Main Examination.
- TheUPSC has also the power to treat a candidate without the asked requisite qualification as an eligible candidate if he has passed an examination organized by other institutions, whose standard can justify his admission in the terms of the Commission as an exceptional condition.
- A candidate who has passed the last year of MBBS or any other medical examination but has not completed his/her internship can also sit in the Mains Examination. However, they should give a certificate from the related authority of the University / Institution that they have passed the final professional medical examination along with their candidature application. In the Interview stage, they should then have the certificate from a known authority that they have completed (including internship) all the prerequisites for the achievement of the concerned Medical Degree.
What is the procedure to become an IAS officer after giving IAS Exam?
Exam undertaken commonly known as IAS exam is officially called the UPSC Civil Services Exam or CSE. The UPSC CSE consists of 3 levels – Preliminary, Mains, and the Interview. Cracking an IAS exam is not an easy task as mentioned before because of the competition involved, moreover it is one the toughest competition exam to get through, but that does not imply, it is impossible for a candidate with right attitude and approach.
Civil Services Examination (CSE) / IAS Exam
- UPSC is the agency authorized by the government to be held responsible for selecting the right candidates for this service. Every year only near 1000 aspirants is selected for all the major all-India 24 services combined. The number of candidates who applied for IAS Exam was almost 9 lakhs in 2015, out of which only half of them could appear on the exam day.
- IAS Exam is generally considered as the hardest exam in the world, including the exam duration (extends 1 year), depth of the syllabus and obviously the competition involved. The first stage of the exam – Preliminary (objective) – is normally organized in August, while the second stage, Mains (written), is organized near December. Those who clear Mains will have to face interview/personality test during April-May time. The final result normally comes in June.
Conditions for considering the application Ineligible for IAS Exam:
A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Administrative Service or the Indian Foreign Service on the results of a previous examination and is also a member of that service will be forbidden from being eligible to compete at this examination.
In case if such a candidate is appointed to the IAS/IFS after the Preliminary Examination of Civil Services Examination, 2015 is over and he/she continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall be forbidden from being eligible to appear in the Civil Services (Main) Examination.
It should also be noted that if such a candidate is appointed to IAS/IFS after the Civil Services (Main) Examination is held, but before the result and continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall be banned to be a part of both the service/post on the basis of the result of this examination.
Some other Eligibility Conditions considered for IAS Exam:
For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate should be a citizen of India.
For other services, a candidate should be either
- a citizen of India,
- or a subject of Nepal,
- or a subject of Bhutan,
- or a Tibetan refugee who came to India before 1st January 1962 with the thought of permanently settling in India,
- or a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the thought of permanently settling in India.
Now if a candidate concerned to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose concern a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India, but aspirants concerned to categories (b), (c) and (d) above will be forbidden from being eligible for post to the Indian Foreign Service.
- Age Limit for IAS Exam:
A candidate should have gained the age of 21 years and should not have gained the age of 32 years on the 1st of August, Present Year 2015 i.e. he should have been born neither previous than 2nd August 1983 nor after than 1st August 1994.
The upper age limit mentioned above will be given relaxation in following conditions:
- Till a limit of 5 years if a candidate belongs to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe.
- Till a limit of 3 years in the case of candidates concerned to Other Backward Classes who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.
- Till a limit of 5 years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from the 1st January 1980 to the 31st December 1989.
- Till a limit of 3 years in the condition of Defense Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof.
- Till a limit of 5 years in the condition of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service as on 1st August, 2015 and have been released on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within one year from 1st August, 2015) otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, or on account of physical disability attributable to Military Service.
- Till a limit of 3 years in the condition of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed the infant period of assignment of five years Military Service as on 1st August, 2015 and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose condition the Ministry of Defense issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and that they will be declared on 3 month notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of post.
- Till a limit of 10 years in the condition of blind, deaf-mute and orthopedically handicapped persons.
This, not enough till we have known. There are some more criteria’s under which UPSC allows aspirants to be a part of IAS Exam for IAS under certain conditions as follow:
- Candidates concerned to the SC, ST, and OBC who are also relaxed under any other clause of eligibility above, i.e. those coming under the category of Ex-servicemen, persons from State of J & K, blind, deaf-mute and orthopedically handicapped etc. will be eligible for grant of cumulative age-relaxation under both the categories.
- The term ex-servicemen are for those persons who are defined as ex-servicemen in the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979, as amended from time to time.
- The age concession under paragraph 3(ii) (b) (v) and (vi) will not be admissible to ExServicemen and Commissioned Officers including ECOs/SSCOs who are relaxed on own request.
- Against the rules decided in previous paragraph, a physically disabled aspirant will be considered to be eligible for post only after a physical examination as the Government or any other appointing authority, as the condition found to be, and is found to fulfill all the requirements of physical and medical standards for the concerned posts to be granted to the physically disabled candidates by the Government.
OVERVIEW – EXAMINATION SCHEME / IAS Exam
The Indian Civil Services examination is organized by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) every year. The examination schedule is announced during January – February after which the selection is done in 3 levels. Elimination is processed at every stage for the final selection.
The competitive examination comprises of three successive levels:
Phase 1 – Preliminary Examination – Objective Type (Qualifier)
Phase 2 – Main Examination – Written Test
Phase 3 – Interview / Personality Test
The Preliminary exam is held in May-June and the results are announced in July-August. The Main examination is held in October-November and the aspirants who clear at this stage are transported to the interview in March-April next. The final recruitment and posting of aspirants depend on their ranking and the available vacancies for different posts to be filled during that particular year.
- Preliminary Examination
The Preliminary Examination will consist of two papers of objective type (multiple choice questions) and carry a limit of 400 marks. Only those aspirants who are permitted by the Commission to have qualified in the Preliminary Examination in the year will be eligible for admission to the Main Examination of that year provided they are otherwise eligible for admission to the Main Examination.
The marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the aspirants who are declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination is not considered in the final recruitment process.
- Main Examination
The number of aspirants to be admitted to the Main Examination will be about twelve to thirteen times the total approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year for various Services and Posts.
The Main Examination will consist of 9 papers in total including long essay type questions. An aspirant who manages minimum passing marks in the Main Examination as decided by the Commission earlier will be invited by them for a Personality Test.
- Interview/Personality Test
The number of aspirants invited for an interview will be two times the number of vacancies to be filled. it will carry 275 marks. Marks thus obtained by the aspirants (in the Main Examination as well as interview) would decide their final ranking.
Candidates will be posted to various services according to their ranks in the examination and the preferences expressed by them while applying.
And hence aspirants are wished with luck and are said to have a good long-term strategy to crack this exam. Although the duration of the preparation is not the thing that is going to matter here but the quality of the same is what matters. A sincere and well-concentrated mind with a passion for learning new things, a strong willpower to follow own dream and reading as an addiction is the main formula for all successful aspirants. The IAS exam is moreover a place to check one’s analytic and presentation skills along with knowledge gathered by them as an aspirant rather than a test to check one’s mathematical or verbal skills.
We wish for you to achieve your goal and hope you find our initiative to educate you about this exam turns to be a useful one.